God is no partisan of tongues. Hindi remains one of the most widely … Mughal Empire: Akbar (1556-1605) AKA “Great One” b/c he added more territory than … Artists from many cultures worked together in this capital city of the Safavid Empire. Mughal painting reached a climax under Jahangir who had a very discriminating eye. Migration, trade, conquest, pursuits of religious converts or religious freedom. Chopra, it was with great difficulty that Mullah Shah Badakshi agreed to take Jahan Ara as his pupil. 200. a ruler of the Mughal Empire who weakened the empire partly by rigidly enforcing Islamic laws. Akbar practices cultural blending. From the time of Akbar, Hindi poets began to be attached to the Mughal court. A Shi’a brotherhood that took over Iran in the 1400s Root of modern Iran today Oversaw much cultural blending Constantly at war with Sunni Ottomans 3. Akbar's policy of blending produced two new languages, Hindi and Urdu. Bernier saw a big hall at Banaras University, which was full of books on philosophy, medicine, religion and history etc. The courses of study in these institutions of learning consisted of grammar, rhetoric, logic, theology, metaphysics, jurisprudence and literature. During Mughal Period music was the sole medium of Hindu-Muslim unity. Thus, Persian got the maximum incentive to grow during the rule of the Mughals and, therefore, made very good progress. Cultural Blending: case Study : the Safavid Empire. The institutions of Higher learning called Madarsahs where at Agra, Delhi, Lahore, Jaunpur, Gujarat, Sialkot and Ahmedabad. The Sikhs protected Jahangir's rebellious son, so the Mughals killed their leader . Jahangir and Shah Jahan maintained the tradition of Akbar and gave protection to scholars of Sanskrit. Americans who were … Architectural Developments during Mughal Era. 13. Persian or Central Asian influence can be seen in the glazed blue tiles used for decoration in the walls or for tiling the roofs. Safavid Iran 18.2 2. Who were the Safavids? 30 seconds . His expertise as a warrior; his singleminded devotion to … His famour mausoleum at Sasaram (Bihar) and his mosque in the old fort at Delhi are considered architectural marvels. His son Dara Shukoh was also well-educated and arranged for the translation of many Sanskrit texts in Persian. Many texts written in Arabic, Turki and Greek were also translated into Persian during the rule of the Mughal emperors. Still have questions? The decorations are kept to a minimum, delicate marble screens, pietra dura inlay work and kiosks (chhatris) adding to the effect. Cultural Blending is caused by migration, pursuit of religious freedom, trade, and conquest. Led to the cultural blending in the ottoman empire pursuit of religious freedom, migration and trade Timur the lames military activities affected the growth of the ottoman empire they interrupted its growth Memhed II and Constantinople He opened the city to new citizens of many religions and backgrounds; opens city to Jews, Christians, and Muslims 4. Not much was done concerning translation work but a few original works of repute were written during the period of his rule. 6. Analyzing Causes What led to the decline of the Mughal Empire? The school developed centre of production. Akbar's policy of blending produced two new languages, Hindi and Urdu. The Sikhs sided with Aurangzeb against his father, Shah Jahan. The common people, however, spoke Hindi, a mixture of Persian and a local language. In what ways did the Safavids weave foreign ideas into their culture? After the eighth century, the tradition seems to have decayed, but palm-leaf manuscripts and illustrated Jain texts from the thirteenth century onwards show that the tradition had not died. 14. Cultural Blending Are you Islamic? The students were taught the religious scriptures after they finished their alphabets and these were usually, according to Bernier, the Puranas. The textbook also says, “Akbar was a genius at cultural blending (pg 157). He constructed a Madarsa at Delhi and converted the pleasure-house built by Sher Shah in Qila Kohana also called Purana Qila into a library. Akbar’s regal authority, military prowess, and personal courage are visibly celebrated in this painting through his complete control of an elephant—an animal with a long history in Indian culture as the embodiment of majesty, power, and dignity. Among other places of education, Gwalior, Sialkot, Ambala and Thaneswar were quite famous. He commissioned the translations of the great Indian classics from Sanskrit into Persian. One consisting of Persians. The Sikhs defend Khusrau in his rebel- Case Study: Cultural Blending Section 2 (pages 512–515) 12. File Name: Cultural Blending Guided Key.pdf Size: 4904 KB Type: PDF, ePub, eBook: Category: Book … Aurangzeb with the help of many Arabic texts got prepared a book of law and justice in Persian which was titled Fatwah-i-Alamgiri. Reduce bribes No prison without trial Merit based promotions Balanced budget Social 1. A. Migration, trade, and conquest. School River Ridge High School; Course Title HISTORY MISC; Uploaded By kaitlyn2003. Akbar gave recognition to scholars of Sanskrit. The Mughal Empire was at its most opulent and powerful during his reign. Mughal Empire: Babur (1494-1530) 11 yrs old, inherited kingdom that is now Uzbekistan and Tajikistan Elders took it away & drove him S. 1526: Raised army & conquered the Turkish Muslims in Delhi, India . Cause: The Sikhs defend Khusrau in his rebellion against his father, Jahangir. akbar. Akbar Tea is the company’s flagship brand, marketed worldwide in a wide range of variants, including many special and premium lines. 3. Even the Harmandir of the Sikhs, called the Golden Temple at Amritsar which was rebuilt several times during the period was built on the arch and dome principle incorporated many features of the Mughal traditions of architecture. Jahangir wrote his biography Tuzuk-i-Jahangiri. All these works were translated during the period of rule of Akbar. As their empire grew, the Ottomans enslaved Christian boys from conquered areas. Perso-Islamic culture began to merge and blend with indigenous Indian elements, and a distinct Indo-Persian culture emerged characterized by Mughal style arts, painting, and architecture. The Mughal Empire in India Section 3 (pages 82–89) 14. In large part, the successes of the western empires depended on advanced firearms and cannons. They acquired stability and maturity and some of the finest lyrical poetry was produced during this period. Jaffar, “was to bring out the latent faculties of students, to discipline the forces of their intellect and to develop their character, to equip them with all that was required for their material as well as moral improvement. The Mughal princesses Salima Sultana and Zib-un-Nisa had built their own libraries. cultural blending and religious toleration he instilled in his empire . Faizi translated Lilavati, Shah Muhammad Sahabadi translated Rajtarangini, Abul Fazl translated Kaliya Daman, Faizi translated Nal Damyanti and Maulana Sheri translated Hari-Vansha. 6. Many scholars rose to eminence under his patronage. The dalliance of Krishna with Radha and the milkmaids, pranks of the child Krishna and stories from Bhagwat figure largely in lyrical poetry in Bengali, Oriya, Hindi, Rajasthani and Gujarati during this period. Among the Sanskrit text, Mahabharat was translated by the joint efforts of Naki Khan, Badayni, Abdul Fazal, Faizi etc. During this period Akbar brought Persian at the level of state language, which helped in the growth of its literature. The education thus did not equip a student only to obtain his employment under the state but attempted at the development of his faculties of head and heart. What four activities often contribute to cultural blending? When Akbar came into power, he was a genius in cultural blending. A few translations and adaptations from Persian were also made. Bernier states, “Banaras is kind of university; but it has no college or regular classes as in our universities, but resembles rather the school of the ancients, the masters being spread over different parts of the town in private houses”. Jaunpur as a great centre of learning was known as the ‘Shiraz of India’, where students came from far and wide. Muslims. Aurangzeb discouraged writings of history. ADVERTISEMENTS: Akbar was an imperialist. Aurangzeb encouraged the education of the Muslims and founded colleges and schools” (Keene). This made the admission to the reputed institutions a big burden and according to Dr. P.N. They form the climax of the pre-Mughal style of architecture, and the starting point for the new. He felt it necessary even for the security of his territories. Indian themes and Indian scenes and landscapes, thus, came in vogue and helped to free the school from Persian influence. It is stated that soon after his sitting on the throne, he got repaired many old madarsa, which had ceased to function for quite a long and filled them with pupils and their teachers. 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