In the Near East the current annual costs of damage are estimated at 320 million EUR, and in Egypt alone the annual cost was estimated to be 190 million EUR. 0000025640 00000 n 0000090240 00000 n B. Heppner, J. L. Nation, and G. J. Steck2 1. Two additional adult males were detected in Orange Count… The oil glands are not punctured because oil kills the eggs. Shalom Applebaum, The Robert H. Smith Faculty of Agriculture, Food and Environment The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, This site is 0000004335 00000 n The color of the adult is orange-brown, wings without a cross band, male with a pair of dark spatula-like setae on its head. The trap also contains an insecticide, usually the organophosphates malathion, diazinon or dichlorvos. This document is EENY-083 (originally published as DPI Entomology Circulars No. Sterlin, S. Quilici The life cycle from eggs to male (146.95 ± 3.43 d) and female (164.94 ± 3.85 d) adults was significantly longer on papaya than those on banana and guava. B. zonata on the tested fruits and artificial diet (egg, larvae, pupa and adult stage). Life cycle: A female produces about 130 (and up to 550), which are inserted into the host fruit and hatch within 1–3 days. 0000128128 00000 n 0000001944 00000 n Qureshi, Z., Hussain, T., Carey, J.R, and Dowell, R.V. Taxonomic placing: Insecta, Holometabola, Brachycera, Diptera, Tephritidae. 0000111345 00000 n 1993. %PDF-1.4 %���� 0000001601 00000 n 0000004595 00000 n It remains active throughout the year (except in mid-winter), and is a strong flier, traits that increase its dispersal and add to its danger. Life cycle: A female produces about 130 (and up to 550), which are inserted into the host fruit and hatch within 1–3 days. The morphology and development of B. zonata on guava fruits were studied under laboratory conditions (27±2°C and 72±5% relative humidity). The incubation period was 1-2 days. 0000012991 00000 n Depending on the climate, PFF may raise several annual generations. Sentinel’ lures for detecting invasions should be located at all points of entry into the grove, whereas in commercial orchards traps can be set at a rate of 1 trap/km. within one estimated life cycle, within an area of 9 km radius. B. zonata larvae feed exclusively on fruits, causing severe damage to crops. Egyptian Journal of Applied Science 16: 303–314. They overwinter in the larval or pupal stages. Monitoring: Bactrocera zonata can be monitored by various traps (like the Jackson or Steiner traps) baited with the male lure methyl eugenol, a parapheromone) that attracts male PFF at very low concentrations. Bactrocera dorsalis See also fig. 0000010423 00000 n ]�y������9X�x��p�����}��`�K�2+��Ҧ:: (�h�L*�'�dJ(��O�b�f(Oۢ�r�϶ɇ\���d� 2��i�V. 50. 0000105328 00000 n 0000102891 00000 n Their eggs and larvae are well protected and found inside the host. Steve Francia, 0000000016 00000 n The fruit fly's life cycle begins when the female lays her eggs on a piece of fermenting fruit or other decaying, sweet organic material. Morphological identification of fruit flies is mainly performed on adults due to the lack of adequate identification keys for immature stages. Thermal requirements of the peach fruit fly, Bactrocera zonata (Saunders) (Diptera: Tephritidae), and its exotic parasitoid species Aganaspis daci (Weld) (Hymenoptera: Eucoilidae). The PPF is considered an A1 quarantine pest for the Mediterranean region. Generally, life cycle of fruit fly indicated six development stages: mating, oviposition, egg, larvae, pupae and adults while the larval have three development stages (1st, 2ndand 3rdinstar). 0000004083 00000 n Anonymous. Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), pp. (eds). Adult female oriental fruit fly, Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel), laying eggs by inserting her ovipositor in … Diversity and abundance of Mediterranean and peach fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) in different horticultural orchards. Bactrocera zonata (Saunders) Order and Family: Diptera, Tephritidae; Description. Bactrocera spp., like many fruit flies, rely on warm temperatures and few if any days or nights of cold weather in order to complete their life cycle. The peach fruit fl y has many host plants but prefers Virulence of 4 entomopathogenic nematodes (EPNs) species, Heterorhabditis bacteriophora, H. indica, Steinernema carpocapsae, and S. asiaticum, was evaluated at different temperature degrees (15, 20, 25, 30 and 35 °C) against the immature stages of fruit fly species, B. 0000141804 00000 n 21 and 303),, one of a series of the Entomology and Nematology 2000. Hosts: polyphagous on a variety of fruits. Adly, D. 2016. 2001. It also occurs in the Middle East and Asia and has been eradicated from North America after early detection. 2005. 0000120744 00000 n To eradicate the pest by male annihilation, the “lure-and-kill” approach is used. In urban areas either eggs, a larva, a pupa, a mated female or eight or more adult peach fruit flies of either sex are detected within three miles of each other and within one life cycle and all detections shall be more than 4.5 miles from any commercial host production area; or. 0000053074 00000 n EENY-083 Oriental Fruit Fly, Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel) (Insecta: Diptera: Tephritidae) 1 H. V. Weems, J. and Hussain, T. 1992. … The fruit fly Bactrocera zonata (Dacus zonata) is a serious pest of fruits in many parts of the world. H��W�r�F}�W�#�'�+y�yˉ/Y�[{q� � �h �������_��=�HP�S�n�$�6=ݧO���8Q�mS��Zxm�?s�=?����4���hu�z;��h&2�� i|��fBjk��0��Oo�X���B�?J(c�5Fx�H�xQl��v2W��yP2s���9|���3zdLv�He/L�H=!��d5�3~�J2���H�%�N�q���L�DK��s�(|%��������_K�������R��?r��b��b���b��pA9����S���� NĢ�?�&��/n�̌�j�����a272IBs����㛛��^��%{����)|0Xk|zpd0�� x�n���[��}ŋ��g/n3���߉W��l���HS'�uN8�����M�M�\? The molecular structure of the B. dorsalis tra (Bdtra) gene contained five common exons corresponding to exons 1A, 1B, 2A, 2B, and 3, as in other Bactrocera species [8, 26, 28, 29].The common exons 1A and 1B of Bdtra were homologous to exon 1 of C. capitata tra (Cctra) [] and Anastrepha obliqua (Macquart) tra (Aotra) [] genes. 0000007855 00000 n Biological control: The parasitoid Aganaspis daci attacks the PFF in Egypt. 0000023530 00000 n Survival and development of different life stages of Bactrocera zonata (Diptera: Tephritidae) reared at five constant temperatures compared to other fruit fly species. %%EOF The life cycle starts as the female adult inserts eggs in the skin of the ripe or ripening fruit. 0000003001 00000 n 12 50 J5�2H%�N`;�yGx�d�Ư�v \������(��r���̲����-1c[A��2��������3��c��;��@� �������k�f�; X<2� 0000026220 00000 n >5 adult male flies or an unmated female and a male or one mated female, or a larva or OEPP/EPPO Bulletin 35: 371–373. They overwinter in the larval or pupal stages. 0000019870 00000 n The peach fruit fly, Bactrocera zonata (Saunders), infests some of the principal commercial fruits and vegetables. Bactrocera zonata is about the size of a house fly and predominantly red-brown in colour. The characters noted here are sufficient to separate B. zonata from all other known species of Dacini. 0000141536 00000 n EPPO Bulletin 2010. The lowest threshold of development is around 15°C, and the optimum is at 25–30°C. b. 0000003910 00000 n 2011. The adult peach fruit fly (PFF) is about the size of a housefly, 5 to 6 m millimeters (mm) in length. Economic importance: The PPF attacks many fruit trees and is a major pest of peach, mango and guava. Bactrocera carambolae, also known as the carambola fruit fly, is a fruit fly species in the family Tephritidae, and is native to Asia. 206-222. 0000111600 00000 n Bactrocera correcta (Bezzi), often referred to as the "guava fruit fly" (although the larvae of many other species of fruit flies feed on guava - and Anastrepha striata Schiner is also called the "guava fruit fly") (White and Elson-Harris 1994), was detected for the first time in the Western Hemisphere when one female was found on 6 August 1986 in Garden Grove, Orange County, California. h�b```�x6�!ʰ1�0p�`x`������ 45���#Y]x"Ŝ������(l�� �l̿U��>�E�$pu�g0� Pan-Pacific Entomologist 69: 71–76. Abstract The peach fruit fly, Bactrocera zonata (Saunders) (Diptera: Tiphritidae), is an economic insect pest attacking the fruits of mangoes, apricots, guava, citrus, and peaches. Mating occurs late morning or early afternoon. Journal of Applied Entomology 113: 365–367. 0000020621 00000 n The anterior end is narrowed, the caudal segments thicker, with a pair of posterior spiracles. Professor Shalom Applebaum Delrio, G, and Cocco, A. 0000004132 00000 n Life Cycle Fruit Fly. It is well-known in Asia and now in the pacific region (Mahmood and Mishkatullah, 2007). Qureshi, Z .A ., Siddiqui, Q.H. Keywords: Bactrocera dorsalis, climate change, geo-graphical distribution, Oriental fruit fly. 0000001296 00000 n 0000102503 00000 n The life span of the fruit fly is heavily influenced by temperature. The Bactrocera dorsalis H. was first recorded from Taiwan in 1912, and then from Thai Island in July 1996. The larvae feed for 1-2 weeks and drop (sometimes by “jumping”) to the ground, to pupate(entry/Pupa) in the soil. Duyck, J.F. Tephritid fruit flies are ranked as one of the most damaging groups of insect pests. Powered by Hugo by a. startxref Duyck PF(1), Sterlin JF, Quilici S. In the African region, it has been reported in Egypt, Mauritius and Reunion.