This is a marking of God and a sign of the presence of the Holy Spirit. But the human author is not the only one writing the book or letter. What actually gives life? It was a pillar of cloud by day and a pillar of fire by night that led the Israelites through the desert. Contents1 Scripture1.1 I. A theophany is a manifestation of God, by the working of the Holy Spirit, pointing to the promise of God that will ultimately be fulfilled by the Holy Spirit. These O.T. We also recall that Jesus laid hands on the sick to cure them. If you think hard about it, you’ll discover that “life” is hard to define. The Gift of Piety. The Holy Spirit “intercedes for us” insofar as the Holy Spirit acts on us, transforming us into a member of Christ Himself, so as to present us to the Father in Heaven. First, we’ll examine Hebrews 3:7-10: Therefore, as the Holy Spirit says, “Today, when you hear his voice, do not harden your hearts as in the rebellion, on the day of testing in the wilderness, where your fathers put me to the test and saw my works for forty years. All of these point to the promise of God’s future gift of salvation. We also learn that the Holy Spirit has spoken to us already through the prophets. At the beginning of time, we were slowly made aware of the reality of God the Father. The law, given through Moses, was also a manifestation of God’s order and direction. From their childhood, Catholics learn to pray the sign of the cross: “In the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit.”. Thus, their inability to keep the law was a sign they needed more. The third person of the Holy Trinity, who is distinct from the Father and the Son but one in being, coequal, and coeternal with them, because, like them, he is in the fullest sense God. The fact that this Greek word is feminine does not indicate hearts to be female and personal. And this is an action of the Holy Spirit. And this perfect sharing in these attributes unites them and enables them to act as one. Next: Chapter 7 – The Church: The Living Body of Christ! —in the Tradition, to which the Church Fathers are always timely witnesses; —in the Church’s Magisterium, which he assists; —in the sacramental liturgy, through its words and symbols, in which the Holy Spirit puts us into communion with Christ; —in prayer, wherein he intercedes for us; —in the charisms and ministries by which the Church is built up; —in the signs of apostolic and missionary life; —in the witness of saints through whom he manifests his holiness and continues the work of salvation. And the answer is the Holy Spirit who animates and sustains all life. Personhood means there is potential for love and union. Be it plants, animals or humans, no scientific discovery can unmask the actual principle of life itself. At His baptism, the Spirit descends in fullness upon Him. —In prayer, wherein he intercedes for us; We do not even know how to pray by ourselves. Equal in dignity and majesty with the Father and the Son. A formal doctrine of the Holy Spirit wasn't articulate until the early third century. The most common attacks on Catholic belief concerning the Holy Spirit generally come from quasi-Christian sects such as the Iglesia Ni Cristo, Jehovah’s Witnesses, and others who deny the central mystery of the Christian faith—the Trinity. But it’s also important to point out that the age we are in now, the age after the life, death, resurrection and ascension of the Son, is especially the age of the Holy Spirit! Nontrinitarian Christians, who reject the doctrine of the Trinity, differ significantly from mainstream Christianity in their beliefs about the Holy Spirit. The Holy Spirit is the “Holy Breath of God.”  This image is seen in various places in the Scriptures. The Holy Spirit is a Person2 Tradition2.1 I. Finger:  It was by the “finger” of God that Jesus did many great works. The cloud is a masking and veiling of the presence of the Spirit, and the light is but a small portion of the radiance of the Holy Spirit shining forth. God comes to meet us, to descend to us, and we encounter Him. This shows the power of the Holy Spirit to act in us and to use us as instruments. If the Holy Spirit were an impersonal force, the inspired author would not refer to it as a he. In Latin and the modern romance languages, this is the case as well. Not in the same way that He once inspired the books of the Bible, but certainly in powerful ways nonetheless. You can say that it’s a joint action of the Church and the Holy Spirit, and this mutual activity brings forth the very real presence of Christ our Lord. —In the charisms and ministries by which the Church is built up; Understandin… But this does not necessarily mean the Holy Spirit is impersonal. They share the same power as God and act as one God. The Holy Spirit does everything. John 14:26, for example, refers to the Spirit as to pneuma to hagion (the Holy Spirit). The Holy Spirit is God2.2 II. —in the witness of saints through whom he manifests his holiness and continues the work of salvation. The branch of Christian theology concerned with the Holy Spirit is called Pneumatology. Jesus promised His Advocate, the Holy Spirit, to His disciples. Much can be said about living creatures and how they work from a scientific perspective. It traces the history and development of the doctrine from Scripture forward. We do not see Him with our eyes, but He is there. He is, no doubt, the least spoken of among the three persons of God, the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit. We say, in philosophical language, that the Holy Spirit is “consubstantial” with the Father and the Son, and with the Father and the Son is adored and glorified. For example, John 20:22 says that Jesus “breathed on them and said to them, ‘receive the Holy Spirit.’”  The breath of God or wind of God is seen many places in the Scriptures, as we will see in our next section. The “Church” here means everyone who is alive in Christ. Everyone following the will of the Father and living out their Christian dignity as sons and daughters of God. Pentecost: Pentecost is the clearest manifestation of the Holy Spirit. What is the Holy Spirit? They share the same will and act in unison in fulfilling this will. Take time to breathe and reflect on the Holy Spirit within your breath. Romans 11:33-34 tells us: “O the depth of the riches and wisdom and knowledge of God! No, instead He gave us the Holy Spirit, and most specifically, He gave the unique gift of the Holy Spirit to the Apostles and their successors to teach us and to lead us into all truth in every day and age when questions would arise. Let the Spirit … Not that the Holy Spirit wasn’t already with Him fully. This pointed over and over again to the need for a Messiah. The Holy S pirit is the 3rd person of the Blessed Trinity, and the one most active in the world today. The truths about the Holy Spirit are that 1. he is a person, and 2. he is God. This is significant because the inspired author could have used the neuter ekeino, but he did not. It is, therefore, no surprise to find many Catholics ill-equipped to deal with some of the more notable errors concerning he who is “the Lord and giver of life.” Thus, studying the person and nature of the Holy Spirit, though sometimes neglected, is crucial for us as Catholic apologists and as Catholics in general. The human author’s unique personality and experiences shine through. Among the greatest of these actions is the Most Holy Eucharist. Consider Psalm 22. The Holy Spirit makes this happen in a perfect and orchestrated way. The Liturgy is a work of the Holy Spirit where the entire Trinity is made present. Together, flowing from " the same divine well spring" they form the deposit of faith, which with the help of the Holy Spirit, has been preserved in the Catholic Church since the time of Jesus. The Holy Spirit is love, to put things very simply. We also recall that Jesus laid hands on the sick to cure them. So let’s take a closer look at the activity of the Holy Spirit. Origen of Alexandria (c.185-c.254) taught that the Spirit worked primarily within the Church, whereas the Word (Christ) worked within the whole of creation. I know this answer is cliché and isn’t what you were hoping for, so don’t fret — there’s more. Six are listed in the “Immanuel Prophecy,” which describes an expected future ideal Davidic king: wisdom and understanding, counsel and strength … Second, when the text says he will teach you all things the demonstrative pronoun (Gr. But notice how it describes our Lord in verse 14: “I am poured out like water . Speaking of the importance of context, the verse of Scripture used to “prove” the Holy Spirit to be an impersonal force actually demonstrates, when examined more fully, that the Holy Spirit is both personal and masculine. The intercession is our transformation in Christ. John 14:26 says: “But the Counselor, the Holy Spirit, whom the Father will send in my name, he will teach you all things, and bring to your remembrance all that I have said to you.”. That’s right, we need God’s help to pray to God. In Hebrews 10:15-17, the reference is even more clear: And the Holy Spirit also bears witness to us; for after saying, “This is the covenant that I will make with them after those days, says the Lord: I will put my laws on their hearts, and write them on their minds,” then he adds, “I will remember their sins and their misdeeds no more.”, The Holy Spirit is revealed here to be both a person and divine. The fact that the Holy Spirit of God fully comprehends the thoughts of God proves beyond a reasonable doubt that his is, in fact, God. Notice the Holy Spirit is synonymous with God himself. We shouldn’t be. It was a joint effort and 100% of both their works. And the answer is the Holy Spirit who animates and sustains all life. It is especially the Holy Spirit who enables these great saints to be shining examples of God’s love for all to see. The point is that the Holy Spirit gives us the Church and she, in turn, gives us the sacraments. If we only consider John chapters 14, 15, and 16, the evidence is overwhelming. It is the task of the Holy Spirit to bestow these gifts. That the Holy Spirit burns like a fire out of control, yet it does not consume. This is Tradition, and it is quite an ongoing gift! Three key points are in evidence here. It is this action that also guarantees the working of the Holy Spirit to make present the Savior of the world in a real and sacramental way. In all your hardships, ask the Holy Spirit to console you. And the Spirit loves us just as He loves the Father and the Son. The role of the Holy Spirit: to give us strength and help in our fight against sin. This is what the Nicene Creed (the one we say at Mass every Sunday) means when it sa… on Amazon. And third, notice what the Holy Spirit does. Jesus wanted the Holy Spirit also to be sent to anyone else who believes in Him, in Jesus. God is also made present to us in all liturgical actions, but above all, it is the Holy Eucharist that we hold up as the summit of His presence! We do not see Him with our eyes, but He is there. Our Blessed Mother: The Holy Spirit prepared Mary with a special preservative grace (as explained in Chapter 3). Confused? The same can be said for Greek words such as kardia, heart. In the Eucharist, we have a unity of Heaven and Earth. The claim goes that Father and the Son are clearly personal, masculine terms, and therefore, they are revealed as persons. The Holy Spirit is God, the third Person of the Trinity. At Mass, the priest’s prayers frequently mention the Father, the Son, and the Spirit as well.The reason for this is that Catholics believe that God is not merely Unity (as all monotheists believe), but also Trinity. This title and the theory connected with it, like the theory of the fruits of the … Why is this the case? As we came to know this Son, in the person of Jesus, we came to realize that He also was I AM. The proper name of the Holy Spirit 691 "Holy Spirit" is the proper name of the one whom we adore and glorify with the Father and the Son. White is a symbol of purity, and its wings give it swiftness and agility to descend from the Heavens. Nouns in Greek are assigned gender as they are in many languages. : Perhaps this is the most common symbol of the Holy Spirit. In John 4:24, Jesus says “God is spirit (Greek pneuma) and those who worship him must worship in spirit and truth.” And in Hebrews 1:14, angels are referred to as “ministering spirits (Greek pneumata) sent forth to serve, for the sake of those who are to obtain salvation.” The key here is to examine the context and usage of a word in Scripture, rather than just its “gender,” in order to determine whether we are dealing with a person, a force, or perhaps just an arrow. As members of the Church, we are called to evangelize by spreading the Gospel far and wide. It is the Holy Spirit who gives charisms. It was the Spirit who guided each word revealing what He wanted written. Both the personhood as well as the divinity of the Holy Spirit are rejected by these groups. This is seen in Baptism, Confirmation, Ordination and the Anointing of the Sick. And in John 16:7-15, Jesus makes it very plain. Tradition is the word used to specify the teaching action of the Holy Spirit in every age. This is seen in Baptism, Confirmation, Ordination and the Anointing of the Sick. The third person of the Blessed Trinity, the Holy Spirit, is sometimes referred to as “the forgotten” member of the Godhead. For the majority of Christian denominations, the Holy Spirit, or Holy Ghost, is the third person of the Trinity, the Triune God manifested as God the Father, God the Son, and God the Holy Spirit, each entity itself being God. Cloud and light: We see these images in the Old and New Testament. This is not to mention the abundance of examples we could cite throughout Scripture, both Old (in seed form) and New Testaments. So the Holy Spirit has been very much alive and active in the history of our world and continues to be active in the life of the Church. Much more will be said on this later on in Book Two of this series: My Catholic Worship! True prayer is thus the fruit of the Spirit's presence within us. This is the time when the Holy Spirit is especially active in our world and in the Church. We can initiate “prayers.”  But there is a difference between “true prayer” and “prayers that are said.”  True prayer is when God, by an action of the Holy Spirit, speaks to us and draws us by an interior calling. Jesus promised His Advocate, the Holy Spirit, to His disciples. The saints are the great witnesses of God. These texts leave no doubt as to the personhood of the Holy Spirit. In your decision making, ask the Spirit to help guide you. Let’s take John 14:16-17 to start. It’s a sort of spiritual quality or ability to offer some service to the Church. Not that the Holy Spirit wasn’t already with Him fully. If you think hard about it, you’ll discover that “life” is hard to define. “Con” means “with,” and “substantial” means “substance.”  Again, this is philosophical terminology that our Church has used to try to vaguely put into language the relationships between these three divine Persons. This is done by an action of the Holy Spirit alive within the Church. In the end, at His death He “gave up His Spirit.”  And after His Resurrection He breathed the Spirit on the Apostles and promised to send His Spirit on all as He was preparing to ascend into Heaven. How unsearchable are his judgments and how inscrutable his ways! We respond to God calling and speaking, and this begins a process of prayer. It is poured at baptism, and the Holy Spirit is subsequently poured in that act. It is by John’s hand that Jesus was baptized after which the Holy Spirit descended in manifest form. It was a pillar of cloud by day and a pillar of fire by night that led the Israelites through the desert. The Holy Spirit has an intellect and will and with those characteristics freely knows and loves as God. Mary was overshadowed by the Holy Spirit. . Lesson 10 - The Virtues and the Gifts of the Holy Spirit Grade 3-5 Lesson 10 - The Virtues and the Gifts of the Holy Spirit Grade 6-8 Lesson 11 - The Catholic Church Grade 3-5 : We see these images in the Old and New Testament. When this is properly understood, we should be in awe and greatly anticipate what God has in mind for us while we travel this pilgrimage on earth! Prayer is communication with God, and the ultimate form of communication we are called to have with God in prayer is surrender and love. It’s an interesting reality. Then the Son began to reveal to us that He would send His Advocate, the Holy Spirit. And this is important! Now that’s saying a lot. This was God’s way of slowly revealing the full truth of Who He is over time. The Holy Spirit is one in being with the Father and the Son as the third person of the Trinity. These manifestations of God’s presence are theophanies. Jesus says he will both teach and remind us “all that [he has] said to [us].” Action follows being. This is seen in the story of Noah and the flood as well as in the story of the Red Sea when water destroyed the Egyptian army. But. “And do not grieve the Holy Spirit …” Ephesians 4:30. 16 The term "Spirit" translates the Hebrew word ruah, which, in its primary sense, means breath, air, wind. Further, if being referred to as “spirit” indicates the third person of the Blessed Trinity is impersonal, then both angels and God the Father would have to be “forces” rather than persons as well. . And the Spirit loves us just as He loves the Father and the Son. The Holy Spirit is God1.2 II. At His baptism, the Spirit descends in fullness upon Him. This shows the Holy Spirit at work in Jesus’ ministry. It is the Holy Spirit who is given to us in baptism. : Water signifies the Holy Spirit in that it is poured and cleanses. Jesus was transfigured in light. By “joint action” I mean that the Church, in the person of the priest, speaks and acts using the assigned words, matter and actions (i.e., extending hands over bread and wine while speaking the words of consecration). ekeinos) is used in the masculine singular. They have all-power, are all-knowing, and are all-loving. Likewise, he is all-loving, forgiving, merciful and just. 17:40 - The Holy Spirit has always been my favorite person of the Trinity. In this text, St. Peter describes the power of God being manifested on the day of Pentecost by quoting Joel 2:28: But Peter, standing with the eleven, lifted up his voice and addressed them, “Men of Judea and all who dwell in Jerusalem, let this be known to you, and give ear to my words. One God, three divine Persons. To do this effectively, and in accord with God’s plan, we need His grace and action in our lives. He is, no doubt, the least spoken of among the three persons of God, the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit. But for now this brief introduction will suffice. :  At Pentecost the Church is born. Charisms are especially necessary for the apostolic and missionary activity of the Church. It is through the Spirit that we are adoptedThe Holy Spirit is like our ‘letter of adoption’ into the family … This grace was given by a special working of the Holy Spirit by applying the merits of her Son’s death and Resurrection to her at the moment of her conception. : The Spirit breathed on the waters at the beginning of Creation and is responsible for the principle of life. The Holy Spirit is one member of the Holy Trinity. The dove was present with Noah at the ark, the dove descended upon Jesus at His baptism. Before He returned to heaven, Jesus said, “… you shall be baptized with the Holy Spirit … But you shall receive power when the Holy Spirit has come upon you.” Acts 1:5-8. And what are these divine qualities that they each share in? In the Liturgy, we use words and symbols through which God shows up and is made manifest. The Holy Spirit is a distinct person of the Holy Trinity, who exists as the communication and personification of the mutual, flowing, and never-ending relationship of love and unity between God the Father and God the Son. White is a symbol of purity, and its wings give it swiftness and agility to descend from the Heavens. This does not mean that lances or daggers are actually female and personal! So also no one comprehends the thoughts of God except the Spirit of God.” The reason St. Paul tells us “no one comprehends the thoughts of God except the Spirit of God” is because it would require infinite power to be able to comprehend the thoughts of God which are infinite. This brings us to the next chapter on the Church itself! The Holy Spirit is God Job 33:4 – “The Spirit of God made me and the breath of the Almighty […] We do not deny the verses of Scripture indicating his personhood because he is described as being “poured out” in Acts 2:17. The dove was present with Noah at the ark, the dove descended upon Jesus at His baptism. Nevertheless I tell you the truth: it is to your advantage that I go away, for if I do not go away, the Counselor will not come to you; but if I go, I will send him to you. He is there in His fullness, veiled by the liturgical action itself. But as time passed, we were also made aware of the Messiah who was the Son of God. Yes! : Pentecost is the clearest manifestation of the Holy Spirit. And it is by the finger of God that the Holy Spirit continues to work in our day and age. Charisms could be as amazing as being prophetic or healing the sick, or they could be as ordinary (but necessary) as being able to organize activities within the Church in an exemplary way. Catholics agree that spirit in Greek is a neuter term. And when he comes, he will convince the world of sin and of righteousness and of judgment; of sin, because they do not believe in me; of righteousness, because I go to the Father, and you will see me no more; of judgment, because the ruler of this world is judged. He convinces of sin, teaches the truth, speaks, declares things that are to come, and so on. A charism is a spiritual gift given to someone for the good of the Church. Most students of our Catholic theology of the Trinity agree: Pneumatology, or the study of the Holy Spirit, is probably the least developed, after the study of the Son and the Father. They are perfection! A theophany is a manifestation of God, by the working of the Holy Spirit, pointing to the promise of God that will ultimately be fulfilled by the Holy Spirit. It’s easy to think of the Holy Spirit as a powerful force from God. And it is by the finger of God that the Holy Spirit continues to work in our day and age. 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